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Note Added
Note added by Aurora. about a month ago
41. The Sixpenny Office [1] was one of the British admiralty's smaller offices. Established in 1696, it was originally based at Tower Hill, London. The office's main responsibility was the collection of six pence from all serving seaman's wage's on a monthly basis that was used to fund Greenwich Hospital's provision of care for sick and aged seaman.

42. A fringing reef is one of the four main types of coral reef recognized by most coral reef scientists. It is distinguished from the other main types (barrier reefs, platform reefs and atolls) in that it has either an entirely shallow backreef zone (lagoon) or none at all. If a fringing reef grows directly from the shoreline (see photo, right) the reef flat extends right to the beach and there is no backreef. In other cases (e.g., most of the Bahamas), fringing reefs may grow hundreds of yards from shore and contain extensive backreef areas with numerous seagrass meadows and patch reefs.
This type of coral reef is the most common type of reef found in the Caribbean and Red Sea. Darwin believed that fringing reefs are the first kind of reefs to form around a landmass in a long-term reef growth process.

43. Don Treadwell (born June 10, 1960) is an American football coach and former player. He is currently the defensive backs coach and special teams coordinator at Michigan State University. Treadwell served as the head football coach at Miami University from 2011 to 2013 and as the offensive coordinator at Michigan State University from 2007 to 2010, where he also acted as interim head coach after Mark Dantonio suffered a heart attack during the 2010 season.

44. "Suffer Little Children" is a song by the English rock band the Smiths, written by singer Morrissey and guitarist Johnny Marr. It was included on The Smiths in February 1984 and as a B-side to the May 1984 single "Heaven Knows I'm Miserable Now".

45. Kenneth Lee Salazar (born March 2, 1955) is an American politician who served as the 50th United States Secretary of the Interior in the administration of President Barack Obama from 2009 to 2013. A member of the Democratic Party, he previously was a United States Senator from Colorado from 2005 to 2009. He and Mel Martinez (R-Florida) were the first Hispanic U.S. Senators since 1977; they were joined by Bob Menendez (D-New Jersey) in 2006. Prior to his election to the U.S. Senate, he served as Attorney General of Colorado from 1999 to 2005.
On December 17, 2008, President-elect Obama announced he would nominate Salazar as U.S. Secretary of the Interior. The environmentalist movement's reaction to this nomination was mixed.[1][2] Previously, Salazar supported the nomination of Gale Norton to Secretary of the Interior,[3] President George W. Bush's first appointee who preceded Salazar as Colorado Attorney General. On January 20, 2009, Salazar was confirmed by unanimous consent in the Senate.

46. The Hadley Mountain Fire Observation Station is a historic fire observation station located on Hadley Mountain at Hadley in Saratoga County, New York. The tower is a prefabricated structure built by the Aermotor Corporation in 1917.
It is one of the initial ten towers purchased by the State Commission to provide a front line of defense in preserving the Adirondack Forest Preserve from the hazards of forest fires. The tower may be manned in summer months by a steward who will answer questions from hikers.[2]
It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2001.

47. Tierra del Fuego (Spanish for "Land of Fire"; Spanish pronunciation: [ˈtjera ðel ˈfweɣo]; officially Provincia de Tierra del Fuego, Antártida e Islas del Atlántico Sur, Spanish for "Land of Fire, Antarctica and South Atlantic Islands") is an Argentine province.
The province had been inhabited by indigenous people for more than 12,000 years, since they migrated south of the mainland. It was first encountered by a European in 1520 when spotted by Ferdinand Magellan. Even after Argentina achieved independence, this territory remained under indigenous control until the nation's campaign known as the Conquest of the Desert in the 1870s. After slaughtering most of the native population in the desert part of Patagonia, Argentina organized this section in 1885 as a territory. European immigration followed due to a gold rush and rapid expansion of sheep farming on large ranches in the area. Tierra del Fuego is the most recent Argentine territory to gain provincial status, which occurred in 1990.

48. Talamancalia is a genus of flowering plant in the Asteraceae family.

49. Gustavia longifuniculata is a species of woody plant in the family Lecythidaceae. It is found only in Colombia.

50. Koala retrovirus (KoRV)[1] is a retrovirus that is present in many populations of koalas. It has been implicated as the agent of Koala Immune Deficiency Syndrome (KIDS), an AIDS-like immunodeficiency that leaves infected koalas more susceptible to infectious disease and cancers. The virus is thought to be a recently introduced exogenous virus that is also integrating into the koala genome (becoming endogenous). Thus the virus can transmit both horizontally (from animal to animal in the classic sense) and vertically (from parent to offspring as a gene). The horizontal modes of transmission are not well defined but are thought to require close contact.
Note Added
Note added by Aurora. about a month ago
26. Passenger miles per gallon (PMPG) is a metric to evaluate the energy efficiency of a vehicle or transportation mode.[1] The PMPG can be obtained by multiplying the miles per gallon of fuel (MPG) by either the passenger capacity or the average occupancy.

27. The mistletoebird (Dicaeum hirundinaceum), also known as the mistletoe flowerpecker,[2] is a species of flowerpecker native to most of Australia (though absent from Tasmania and the driest desert areas) and also to the eastern Maluku Islands of Indonesia in the Arafura Sea between Australia and New Guinea. The mistletoebird eats mainly the berries of the parasitic mistletoe and has adapted its digestive system to help spread the mistletoe seeds.

28. An aluminum Christmas tree is a type of artificial Christmas tree that was popular in the United States from 1958 until about the mid-1960s. As its name suggests, the tree is made of aluminum, featuring foil needles and illumination from below via a rotating color wheel. The aluminum Christmas tree was used as symbol of the commercialization of Christmas in the highly acclaimed and successful 1965 television special, A Charlie Brown Christmas, which discredited its suitability as holiday decoration. By the mid-2000s aluminum trees found a secondary market online, often selling for high premiums. The trees have also appeared in museum collections.

29. The Human Flame is a comic book character, a supervillain in DC Comics' main shared universe.

30. Moods Condoms is a manufacturer of condoms made from natural rubber latex. It is manufactured HLL Lifecare Limited, a Government of India undertaking. HLL was started off in 1966 with the objective of producing condoms for the National Family Planning Program. Moods Condoms came into existence in mid-1968, when HLL Lifecare Limited decided to develop a product to target the premium and upper middle class segment of the urban population in India. HLL today is one of the world's largest manufacturers of condoms. As of December 2012, its annual production totals around 800 million pieces across the globe.

31. The Elephant Rocks in Antarctica are a group of three prominent rocks connected by shoals, located between Torgersen Island and the north-west entrance to Arthur Harbour, off the south-west coast of Anvers Island. The name became established locally among UdARP personnel at nearby Palmer Station in about 1971, as the rocks provide habitat favoured by elephant seals.

32. Spaghettieis (German pronunciation: [ʃpaˈɡɛtiˌaɪs]) is a German ice cream dish made to look like a plate of spaghetti. In the dish, vanilla ice cream is extrudedthrough a modified Spätzle press or potato ricer, giving it the appearance of spaghetti. It is then placed over whipped cream and topped with strawberry sauce (to simulate tomato sauce) and either coconut flakes, grated almonds, or white chocolate shavings to represent the parmesan cheese.

33. I'm Losing You is a 1998 American film written and directed by Bruce Wagner. The film starred Andrew McCarthy and is an adaptation of Wagner's 1996 novel I'm Losing You.

34. Dermestes maculatus is a species of beetle with a worldwide distribution, being present on all continents except Antarctica. In Europe, it is present in all countries.

35. The Photographer or Mr. Photographer (Spanish: El señor fotógrafo) is a 1953 Mexican comedy thriller film directed by Miguel M. Delgado and starring Cantinflas, Rosita Arenas and Ángel Garasa.[1]

36. "Epic Split" is a 75-second-long commercial released in late-2013 by Volvo Trucks. It features Jean-Claude Van Damme performing gymnastic splits between two moving trucks set to the music "Only Time" by Enya

37. "Cyber racism" is a term coined by Les Back in 2002[1] to capture the phenomenon of racism online, particularly on white supremacist web sites. The term encompasses racist rhetoric that is distributed through computer-mediated means and includes some or all of the following characteristics: Ideas of racial uniqueness, nationalism and common destiny; racial supremacy, superiority and separation; conceptions of racial otherness; and anti-establishment world-view.

38. Fissurina nigrolabiata is a species of lichen in the family Graphidaceae. Found in the Philippines, it was described as new to science in 2011.

39. Mount Harkness (86°4′S 150°36′WCoordinates: 86°4′S 150°36′W) is a mountain, 1,900 metres (6,200 ft) high, standing 1.5 nautical miles (3 km) south of the Organ Pipe Peaks and forming part of the east wall of Scott Glacier, in the Queen Maud Mountains of Antarctica. It was discovered in December 1934 by the Byrd Antarctic Expedition geological party under Quin Blackburn, and named at that time by Rear Admiral Richard E. Byrd for Bruce Harkness, a friend of Richard S. Russell, Jr., a member of that party.

40. The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe.[12] It has an area of 4,475,757 km2 (1,728,099 sq mi) and an estimated population of about 513 million. The EU has developed an internal single market through a standardised system of laws that apply in all member states in those matters, and only those matters, where members have agreed to act as one. EU policies aim to ensure the free movement of people, goods, services and capital within the internal market,[13] enact legislation in justice and home affairs and maintain common policies on trade,[14] agriculture,[15] fisheries and regional development.[16] For travel within the Schengen Area, passport controls have been abolished.[17] A monetary union was established in 1999 and came into full force in 2002 and is composed of 19 EU member states which use the euro currency.
The 28 member states are: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, the UK.
22 of the 28 EU member states participate in the Schengen Area. Of the six EU members that are not part of the Schengen Area, four—Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, and Romania—are legally obliged to join the area in the future, while the other two—Ireland and the United Kingdom—maintain opt-outs. The four European Free Trade Association (EFTA) member states, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Switzerland, are not members of the EU, but have signed agreements in association with the Schengen Agreement. Three European microstates—Monaco, San Marino, and the Vatican City—are de facto part of the Schengen Area.
Note Added
Note added by Aurora. about a month ago
1. Amatorculus is a genus of the jumping spiders, with two described species from Brazil. The genus name means "small friend" in Latin. The name stygius is Latin for "from hell". Amatorculus stygius

2. Ballistic foam is widely used in the manufacture and repair of aircraft to form a light but strong filler for aircraft wings. The foam is used to surround aircraft fuel tanks to reduce the chance of fires caused by the penetration of incendiary projectiles. Ballistic foam prevents fires, adds strength to the structure, slows down the speed of shrapnel during attacks, and offers cost-effective protection.
Ballistic foam is placed in the dry bays to provide a barrier between the spark and the fuel. As bullets or shrapnel penetrate the mold line skin surrounding the outermost portions of the dry bay, the ballistic foam deprives sparks of oxygen. Thus when the article punctures the fuel tank, a fire is not started. Not only does the foam displace oxygen, but all gases, including explosive vapors which could magnify the destructive effects of ballistic attack. Dry bays, voids, may also contain “onboard ignition sources” like hot surfaces and electrical sparks which benefit both from a lack of gases and the fire-retardant nature of the foam.
Ballistic foam strengthens aircraft by protecting it from fire as well as fluid while adding very little weight. The protection from fluid involves resisting damage by “moisture, hydrocarbon fuels, hydraulic fluids, and most common solvents”. The density of the foam varies with the type being used; Type 2.5 is a white to light amber foam weighing 2.5 pounds per cubic foot, while Type 1.8 is a pale blue to green foam weighing 1.8 pounds per cubic foot.
Chopped fiberglass strands embedded in the foam add to the structural integrity through physical support and shrapnel mitigation. The layer that strengthens the foam in turn strengthens the airframe. The layer of fiberglass also prevents shrapnel and bullets from rupturing the foam. The fiber glass then allows the damage caused by projectile penetration to heal more effectively.
The passive protection afforded by ballistic foam is very simple and inexpensive compared to active protection. One method of active protection is done by filling large dry bays with inert gases which will not sustain a flame. This process is very expensive and complex. Active protection only offers a “one time” chance for ballistic protection while the ballistic foam is always available.

3. The Henry Dorley Zoo is one of the best zoos in the world. So is the San Diego Zoo and the Zoo of Parrots in Spain, which also has orcas, and a few of those orcas have attacked their trainer, resulting in 1 trainer dying. Two orcas (not related to Parrot Zoo) in the US have been captured and attempt to relase them- one release was successful, the other was interrupted by native persons with canoes preventing the orca from being caged to be moved and eventually the orca went to rub up on a tugboat because that's how he got his "affection" and the motor sucked it in and the orca died.

4. In April 2011 there was a bombing (by bomb left in a backpack) at a cafe in Marrakesh, Morocco that killed 17 people and injured 25. Morrocco blamed Al Qaeda but Al Qaeda says they're innocent.

5. South Korea is ranked as the 43rd (2014) least corrupt country in the world, in 2016 it was downgraded to the 52nd least corrupt (more corrupt than previously). Almost 70% of South Koreans don't trust their government and less than 30% of the country is confident in the judicial system. South Korea is working to correct the problem. Denmark and New Zealand are the least corrupted countries in the world, tied for 1st. 3rd - 5th is Finland, Sweden, and Switzerland. The US ranks in 18th place. Somalia is the most corrupt country in the world, in 176th place. The 10 other countries at the bottom of the list are Iraq, Venezula, Guinea-Bissau, Afghanistan, Libya, Sudan, Yemen, Syria, N Korea, and S Sudan.

6. Afognak is an island that is part of Alaska. It is about 670 square miles in size, which makes it the US's 18th largest island. Brown bears, Roosevelt elk, and Sitka black-tailed deer live on the island. 169 people live on the island and many more come to hunt and fish.

7. Megachile pereziana is a species of bee in the family Megachilidae

8. Body Rock is a 1984 film directed by Marcelo Epstein about a young man "from the streets" with a talent for break-dancing. It stars Lorenzo Lamas in the lead role of 'Chilly'. In his book The Official Razzie Movie Guide, John J. B. Wilson, founder of the Golden Raspberry Awards, listed the film as one of The 100 Most Enjoyably Bad Movies Ever Made.[2]

9. Adam Clayton Powell Jr was the first person of African-American descent to be elected from New York to Congress. He represented Harlem in the US House of Representatives from 1945-71 as a Democrat as supported civil rights and social issues along with urging the US to support emerging nations in Africa and Asia as they gained independence after colonialism. In 1961, after 16 years in the House, Powell became chairman of the Education and Labor Committee, the most powerful position held by an African American in Congress. Toward the end of his time in the House, he was removed from his position because of corruption allegations, but he got it back 2 years later in a Supreme Court ruling.

10. Christian Dornier is a French mass murderer, who shot to death his sister and mother and wounded his father with a 12-gauge shotgun on July 12, 1989. He then drove through the village of Luxiol and the adjacent area, shooting people at random. A total of 15 people were killed and seven others injured in his half-hour rampage, before police managed to subdue him. He was diagnosed as suffering from schizophrenia and thus could not be held accountable for his crime according to French law. He has been treated in a psychiatric hospital since April 1991.

11. Howie Hawkins is an American politician and activist with the Green Party of the United States who has ran in 20 elections, in 22 years, for various positions and has never won.

12. Giv'at Ze'ev is an Israeli settlement (founded on confinscated Palestinian land) in the West Bank, five kilometers northwest of Jerusalem. The town was founded in 1977 on the site of the abandoned Jordanian military camp, adjacent to the site of ancient Gibeon. In 2015 it had a population of 16,123. The international community considers Israeli settlements in the West Bank illegal under international law, but the Israeli government disputes this. The religious population in mixed and includes Chardal, Dati Leumi, Charedi and Secular. There are about 20 orthodox synagogues in the town, with more expected to be built as the community expands.

13. Arthur Storer (c. 1648 – 1686) was America's first colonial astronomer. He came to Maryland from England. He was among the first observers to sight and record data about a magnificent comet that passed over in 1682. Storer's work shows up in a number of Newton's writings. The comet became known as Storer's Comet, until Edmund Halley later predicted the comet's return; thereafter this celestial marvel was known as Halley's Comet. His observations of the great comet of 1680 are mentioned twice in Newton's Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica. A planetarium bearing Storer's name is located in Maryland.

14. Holly Louise Colvin is a retired English cricketer and former member of the England women's cricket team. She currently holds the record of being the youngest Test cricketer of either sex to play for England.

15. Scotland has over 790 offshore islands, most of which are to be found in four main groups: Shetland, Orkney, and the Hebrides, sub-divided into the Inner Hebrides and Outer Hebrides.[1] There are also clusters of islands in the Firth of Clyde, Firth of Forth, and Solway Firth, and numerous small islands within the many bodies of fresh water in Scotland including Loch Lomond and Loch Maree.

16. Minutiae are, in everyday English, minor or incidental details. In biometrics and forensic science, minutiae are major features of a fingerprint, using which comparisons of one print with another can be made.

17. The Justice for All Party (JFAP) is a political party in Guyana.

18. Mister Bones (Robert Todd) is a fictional character in the DC Comics Universe, created by Roy Thomas, Dann Thomas, and Todd McFarlane, in Infinity, Inc.#16 (July 1985). A former low-level supervillain, he reformed and joined the Infinity Inc. team, then later the (fictional) Department of Extranormal Operations (a government agency which regulates superhero activity) as a bureaucrat, eventually rising to the rank of Regional Director for the Eastern Seaboard. Thus, he now wears a suit and tie instead of a costume, and is also known as Director Bones.[1] A chain-smoker, he had a habit of speaking in rhyme in early appearances; however, he no longer does so.

19. A warded lock (also called a ward lock) is a type of lock that uses a set of obstructions, or wards, to prevent the lock from opening unless the correct key is inserted. The correct key has notches or slots corresponding to the obstructions in the lock, allowing it to rotate freely inside the lock.

20. "If I Fall You're Going Down with Me" is a song written by Matraca Berg and Annie Roboff, and recorded by American country music group Dixie Chicks. It was released in February 2001 as the sixth single from their album Fly. The song peaked at number 3 on the U.S. country charts.[1] It also reached number 38 on the Billboard Hot 100.

21. Mount Logan (9,087 feet (2,770 m)) is located in North Cascades National Park in the U.S. state of Washington.[4] Mount Logan is in a remote location of North Cascades National Park that requires hiking 20 mi (32 km) from a trailhead to reach the peak. The mountain itself is not a difficult climb, though the easiest approaches require traversing glaciers and ropes are recommended.[3] The peak supports three glaciers including Banded Glacier to the north, Fremont Glacier to the southwest and Douglas Glacier on the southeast slopes.

22. Raphitoma arnoldi is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Raphitomidae

23. The Mt. Hope Family Center, located in Rochester, NY, is a research center affiliated with the University of Rochester that integrates its research with clinical therapy methods. The Center focuses on helping at-risk impoverished families overcome challenges such as childhood maltreatment, trauma, and major depressive disorder.

24. Ghost in Love (Hangul: 자귀모; RR: Jagwimo; aka Suicide Ghost Club) is a 1999 South Korean film written by Li Hong-zhou and directed by Lee Kwang-hoon. The film stars Kim Hee-sun in the title role as the girlfriend of a man she suspects of cheating on her. She throws herself underneath an oncoming train (with some help from nearby ghosts), and discovers that in the afterlife she can roam as a ghost and take revenge, if she wants to, on her former boyfriend, who has quickly moved on. Lee Sung-jae also stars as Kantorates, a ghost who befriends the protagonist. The film was released on August 14, 1999.

25. 826 Boston is a nonprofit writing and tutoring center located in Egleston Square, a community situated between the Jamaica Plain and Roxbury neighborhoods of Boston. It is dedicated to supporting students ages 6-18 with their creative and expository writing skills, and to helping teachers inspire their students to write.
Note Added
Note added by Makaeyla Zamora. 2 months ago
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Chapdelaine#/random
Note Added
Note added by Makaeyla Zamora. 2 months ago
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dutton_Park_railway_station#/random
Note Added
Note added by Emma . 10 months ago
50 random articles were read. 50 new pieces of information were learned but sadly not retained. Maybe if the articles had been more exciting!
Note Added
Note added by Naomi T. 1 years ago
1. Rolsø Parish
2. James Rooke (British Army officer, born 1770)
3. Schwerer Gustav ( German railway gun)
4. Castelló de la Plana railway station
5. Seishirō Etō
6. Blepharomastix carthaghalis - Peruvian Moth found in 1924
7. Puerto Rico Highway 111
8. List of Kannada films of 1987
9 DeRidder Homestead
10. Speaker of the National Assembly of Zambia
11.USS Indian Island (AG-77)
12.BK Astrio
13. The Platinum Collection (a 2006 compilation album by Gary Moore)
14. 1966–67 Cupa României (he 29th edition of Romania's most prestigious football cup competition.)
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Photo added by Chickpea. 1 years ago
50. Stomatosuchidae

(try and pronounce that!!)

An extinct family of neosuchian crocodylomorphs. It is defined as the most inclusive clade containing Stomatosuchus inermis but not Notosuchus terrestris, Simosuchus clarki, Araripesuchus gomesii, Baurusuchus pachecoi, Peirosaurus torminni, or Crocodylus niloticus. Two genera are known to belong to Stomatosuchidae: Stomatosuchus, the type genus, and Laganosuchus. Fossils have been found from Egypt, Morocco, and Niger. Both lived during the Cenomanian stage of the Late Cretaceous. The skulls of stomatosuchids are said to be platyrostral because they have unusually flattened, elongate, duck-shaped craniums with U-shaped jaws. This platyrostral condition is similar to what is seen in the "nettosuchid" Mourasuchus, which is not closely related to stomatosuchids as it is a more derived alligatoroid that existed during the Miocene.

Can't understand a word of this one, but at least he looks cool...
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Photo added by Chickpea. 1 years ago
49. Ashkelon dog cemetery

The Ashkelon dog cemetery is a burial ground in the city of Ashkelon in Israel where possibly thousands of dogs were interred in the fifth to third centuries BC. The majority of the dogs were puppies; all had similarities to the modern Canaan Dog, perhaps representing the ancestral population from which the modern breed is descended. It is the largest known cemetery of this kind in the ancient world. Its discoverer suggests that it may have been the product of a religious cult focused on the reputed healing properties of dogs' saliva, and an otherwise obscure reference in the Book of Deuteronomy may refer to similar cultic activities in Jerusalem. Alternatively, it may have been the site of a facility for breeding dogs for trade in the Near East.
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Photo added by Chickpea. 1 years ago
48. Jensen-Healey

The Jensen-Healey (1972–76) is a British two-seater convertible sports car, the best-selling Jensen of all time. In total 10,503 (10 prototypes, 3,347 Mk.1 and 7,146 Mk.2) were produced by Jensen Motors Ltd. in West Bromwich, England. A related fastback, the Jensen GT, was introduced in 1975.

Launched in 1972 as a fast, luxurious and competent convertible sports car, it was positioned in the market between the Triumph TR6 and the Jaguar E-Type. The 50/50 weight balance achieved by the use of the all alloy Lotus 907 engine led to universal praise as having excellent handling.
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Photo added by Chickpea. 1 years ago
47. Bee Palmer

Beatrice C. "Bee" Palmer (11 September 1894 – 22 December 1967) was an American singer and dancer born in Chicago, Illinois.

Palmer first attracted significant attention as one of the first exponents of the "shimmy" dance in the late 1910s. She was sometimes credited as the creator of the "shimmy" (although there were other claimants at the time as well).

She first appeared in the Ziegfeld Follies in 1918.

She toured with an early jazz band, which included such notables as Emmett Hardy, Leon Ropollo and Santo Pecora in addition to pianist/songwriter Al Siegel (whom Palmer married). The band was called "Bee Palmer's New Orleans Rhythm Kings". With some personnel changes, the Rhythm Kings went on to even greater fame after parting ways with Palmer.

In 1921, an alleged affair with boxing champ Jack Dempsey created a scandal and a lawsuit.

She is credited as co-composer of the pop song standard "Please Don't Talk About Me When I'm Gone".

She made a few recordings which were not issued at the time (including a session with Frankie Trumbauer). Thanks to surviving test pressings/masters, the recordings were finally issued in the 1990s and 2000s.
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Photo added by Chickpea. 1 years ago
46. Lerala

Lerala is a village in Central District of Botswana. The village is located at the south-eastern end of the Tswapong Hills, 30 km from the Limpopo River and the border with South Africa and approximately 90 km east of Palapye. The population of Lerala was 5,747 in 2001 census.

An Australian company, DiamonEx Limited, is planning to open a diamond mine 15 km north-west of the village. The mine also known as Martins Drift Diamond Project is scheduled to open early 2008 and will employ 230–290 people to produce an estimated 330,000 carats (66 kg) per year. Previously a joint company between De Beers and the Botswana government operated between 1998–2001 a smaller exploratory diamond mine at the same site.
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Photo added by Chickpea. 1 years ago
45. Comanchero

The Comancheros were traders based in northern and central New Mexico who made their living by trading with the nomadic Great Plains Indian tribes, in northeastern New Mexico, West Texas, and other parts of the southern plains of North America. Comancheros were so named because the Comanches, in whose territory they traded, were considered their best customers. They traded manufactured goods (tools and cloth), flour, tobacco, and bread for hides, livestock and slaves from the Comanche. As the Comancheros did not have sufficient access to weapons and gunpowder, there is disagreement about how much they traded these with the Comanche.
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Photo added by Chickpea. 1 years ago
44. Missouri Military Academy

The Missouri Military Academy (MMA) is a private preparatory school established on November 22, 1889, in Mexico, Missouri, U.S. It is a selective, all male, boarding school, grades 7 to 12. As a U.S. Army Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps Honor Unit With Distinction (as designated by the Department of the Army), it has the privilege of nominating cadets to the U.S. Military Academy, U.S. Naval Academy, U.S. Air Force Academy, and U.S. Coast Guard Academy.
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Photo added by Chickpea. 1 years ago
44. The Rich-Tone Chorus

The Rich-Tone Chorus is an all-female, barbershop chorus, located in northern Texas in the United States. The group was founded in 1968 in the city of Richardson. The current musical director is Dale Syverson who has held that position since 1976.

The Rich-Tone Chorus is a chapter, located in Northern Texas, of a worldwide non-profit organization known as Sweet Adelines International. This is a group of over 30,000 women committed to advancing the musical art form of barbershop harmony through education and performance.

The members of the Rich-Tone Chorus range in age from 17 to 75 and come from all over the North Texas area. The membership is drawn from a cross-section of society, including accountants, doctors, engineers, homemakers, nurses and teachers.

The Rich-Tones' musical repertoire includes contemporary hits, big band, Broadway and American classics.
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Photo added by Chickpea. 1 years ago
43. Battle of Elixheim

The Battle of Elixheim, 18 July 1705, also known as the Passage of the Lines of Brabant was a battle of the War of the Spanish Succession. The Duke of Marlborough successfully broke through the French Lines of Brabant, an arc of defensive fieldworks stretching in a seventy-mile arc from Antwerp to Namur. Although he was unable to bring about a decisive battle, the breaking and subsequent razing of the lines would prove critical to the allied victory at Ramillies the next year.

Early in the campaigning season, Marlborough attempted to launch an invasion of France up the Moselle valley. This effort was halted by a combination of supply shortages and an excellent French defensive position in front of Sierck, and Marlborough and his army were recalled by the Dutch States General when Marshall Villeroi attacked and took the fortress of Huy and threatened Liege. Having rushed back to the Low Countries (and forcing Villeroi to retreat behind his defenses), Marlborough retook Huy, and then planned to break through the lines to bring Villeroi to battle.
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Photo added by Chickpea. 1 years ago
42. Amonafide

Amonafide (originally AS1413) (INN, trade names Quinamed and Xanafide) is a drug that is being studied in the treatment of cancer. It belongs to a novel family of chemotherapeutic drugs called Naphthalimides and is a potential topoisomerase inhibitor and DNA intercalator.

It is being developed as an anti-cancer therapy by Antisoma.[1]

As of 2008, it is in Phase III clinical trials. e.g. In March 2010 it is Phase III trial against secondary acute myeloid leukaemia (AML).[2] In June 2010, it gained an FDA Fast Track Status for the treatment of Secondary Acute Myeloid Leukaemia.
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Photo added by Chickpea. 1 years ago
41. Volunteer Point

Volunteer Point is a headland on the east coast of East Falkland, in the Falkland Islands, to the north north east (as the crow flies) of Stanley, and east of Johnson's Harbour and Berkeley Sound.

It is at the end of a narrow peninsula, which protects Volunteer Lagoon. At its landward end is Volunteer Shanty, a well maintained outhouse, which was used by trekkers until a few years ago.
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40. Balthazar

Saint Balthazar; also called Balthasar, Balthassar, and Bithisarea, was according to tradition one of the biblical Magi along with Gaspar and Melchior who visited the infant Jesus after he was born. Balthazar is traditionally referred to as the King of Arabia and gave the gift of myrrh to Jesus. In the Western Christian church, he is regarded as a saint (as are the other two Magi).
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39. The Bodmin & Wenford Railway

The Bodmin & Wenford Railway (BWR) is a heritage railway, based at Bodmin in Cornwall, England. It has an interchange with the national rail network at Bodmin Parkway railway station, the southern terminus of the line.

The Great Western Railway opened its branch line from Bodmin Road to Bodmin General 27 May 1887, and on 3 September 1888 a junction line was opened to connect with the Bodmin and Wadebridge Railway which had opened its line from Bodmin North to Wadebridge in 1834. The line closed on 3 October 1983 following the demise of freight traffic from Wenford.

In 1984 the Bodmin Railway Preservation Society was formed, and they held their first open day at Bodmin General two years later. 1987 saw the Cornish Steam Locomotive Society move their equipment from Bugle to Bodmin.

A Light Railway Order was granted in 1989, and the following year passenger services recommenced between Bodmin General and Bodmin Road, although by now that station had been renamed "Bodmin Parkway". A new intermediate station known as Colesloggett Halt was brought into use. In 1996 the former junction line was also reopened, with another new station provided as Boscarne Junction.
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38. Gillian Barge

Gillian Barge, born Gillian Bargh, (27 May 1940 – 19 November 2003) was an English stage, television and film actress.

She was born in Hastings, Sussex and she started acting at the age of 17, training at the Birmingham Theatre School.

Gillian performed on the stage internationally, as well as in Britain where she has played all the major London theatres. Her stage roles included The Cherry Orchard (as Varya), Measure For Measure (Isabella) and The Winter's Tale (Paulina). In 2001 she was nominated for a Laurence Olivier Theatre Award as Best Supporting Actress for her performance in Passion Play at the Donmar Warehouse.

In addition to her theatre work, Gillian Barge has numerous television appearances to her credit. These include guest appearances on episodes of Pie in the Sky (1996), Lovejoy (1994), Midsomer Murders (2002), One Foot in the Grave(1990), All Creatures Great and Small (1980), Van der Valk(1977) and Softly, Softly (1972). Her film credits include The National Health (1973).

Her second husband was the actor Clive Merrison. She died in 2003 of cancer, aged 63.
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37. Treaty of Peace Between Japan and India

The Treaty of Peace Between Japan and India (日本国とインドとの間の平和条約) was a peace treaty signed on June 9, 1952 restoring relations between the two nations.

India, as part of the British Empire, had full diplomatic relations with Japan until end of World War II. After the war Ally Forces occupied Japan and India gained its independence on August 15, 1947. In 1951, the San Francisco Peace Conference was held with Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru refusing to attend the conference, because he considered the provisions of the San Francisco Treaty to be limiting Japanese sovereignty. After the conference, on April 28, 1952, Japan regained their sovereignty with the withdrawal of most occupational forces.
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36. DVONN

A two-player strategy board game in which the objective is to accumulate pieces in stacks. It was released in 2001 by Kris Burm as the fourth game of the GIPF Project. DVONN won the 2002 International Gamers Award and the Games magazine Game of the Year Award in 2003.

DVONN is played on a board with 49 spaces. The board has a hexagonal layout 5 hexes wide. One player has 23 black pieces to play, the other player has 23 white pieces. There are also 3 neutral red pieces, called DVONN pieces.

The object of the game is to control more pieces than your opponent at the end of the game.
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35. Boombox

Boombox (subtitled The Remix Album 2000–2008) is a remix album by Australian pop singer Kylie Minogue. It was released by Parlophone on 17 December 2008. The album contains remixes produced between 2000 and 2008, including a remix of the previously unreleased title track, "Boombox".
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34. The Keeling Curve

The Keeling Curve is a graph that plots the ongoing change in concentration of carbon dioxide in Earth's atmosphere since the 1950s. It is based on continuous measurements taken at the Mauna Loa Observatory in Hawaii that began under the supervision of Charles David Keeling. Keeling's measurements showed the first significant evidence of rapidly increasing carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere. Many scientists credit Keeling's graph with first bringing the world's attention to the current increase of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

Charles David Keeling, of Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego, was the first person to make frequent regular measurements of the atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration, taking readings at the South Pole and in Hawaii from 1958 onwards. According to Dr Naomi Oreskes, Professor, History of Science at Harvard University, it is one of the most important scientific works of the 20th century.

Measurements of carbon dioxide concentrations in the atmosphere had been taken prior to the Mauna Loa measurements, but on an ad-hoc basis across a variety of locations. Guy Stewart Callendar had shown a steady increase in concentrations since the 19th century.[4] Keeling had perfected the measurement techniques and observed "strong diurnal behavior with steady values of about 310 ppm in the afternoon" at three locations: Big Sur near Monterey, rain forests of the Olympic Peninsula, and high mountain forests in Arizona. By measuring the ratio of two isotopes of carbon, Keeling attributed the diurnal change to respiration from local plants and soils, with afternoon values representative of the "free atmosphere". By 1960, Keeling and his group had determined that the measurement records from California, Antarctica, and Hawaii were long enough to see not just the diurnal and seasonal variations, but also a year-on-year increase that roughly matched the amount of fossil fuels burned per year. In the article that made him famous, Keeling observed: "at the South Pole the observed rate of increase is nearly that to be expected from the combustion of fossil fuel".
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33. Upper 10

Upper 10 is a caffeine free drink lemon-lime soft drink, similar to Sprite, Sierra Mist, and Bubble Up. It was bottled by RC Cola.

The Upper 10 brand debuted in 1933 as a product of the Nehi Corporation (later Royal Crown Corporation). Upper 10 was one of RC Cola's flagship brands throughout the company's history. However, with the acquisition of RC Cola by Cadbury Schweppes plc in 2000 and subsequent folding of company operations into Dr Pepper, Inc., bottlers have gradually discontinued bottling Upper 10 in favor of the similar, more popular and non-caffeinated 7 Up (which is also owned by Dr Pepper Snapple Group).

Upper 10 is still sold outside North America by Cott Beverages, the same company that sells RC Cola internationally.
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32. Wedge Island

Wedge Island is an island in the Australian state of South Australia located within the island group known as the Gambier Islands near the entrance to Spencer Gulf. It is the largest of the Gambier Islands, covers an area of about 10 square kilometres (3.9 sq mi) and is partly privately owned.
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31. The Telescope (Magritte)

The Telescope (French: Le Téléscope) is a 1963 oil on canvas painting by René Magritte.

The painting depicts a window through which a partly clouded blue sky can be seen. However, the right side of the window is partially open, revealing a black background where the viewer would expect to see a continuation of the clouds and sky.
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30. Trifolium arvense

Trifolium arvense , commonly known as hare's-foot clover, rabbitfoot clover, stone clover or oldfield clover, is a flowering plant in the bean family Fabaceae. This species of clover is native to most of Europe, excluding the Arctic zone, and western Asia, in plain or mid-mountain habitats up to 1,600 metres (5,200 ft) altitude. It grows in dry sandy soils, both acidic and alkaline, typically found at the edge of fields, in wastelands, at the side of roads, on sand dunes, and opportunistically in vineyards and orchards when they are not irrigated.
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29. Dula-Horton Cemetery

An historic family cemetery located near Grandin, Caldwell County, North Carolina. It was established in 1835, and has been the site of interments for five generations (68 members) of the extended Dula-Horton family and their Jones family kinsmen.

The cemetery was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2004.
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28. Alawa Language

Alawa (Galawa) is a moribund Indigenous Australian language spoken by the Alawa people of the Northern Territory. In 1991, it had 18 remaining speakers and 4 semi-speakers.
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27. Dhani Harrison

Dhani Harrison [d̪ʱ əni] (born 1 August 1978) is a British multi-instrumentalist musician, composer and singer-songwriter who is the only child of George and Olivia Harrison. Harrison debuted as a professional musician assisting in recording his father's final album, Brainwashed, and completing it with the assistance of Jeff Lynne after his father's death in November 2001. (George Harrison went on to win Best Pop Instrumental Performance for the track, "Marwa Blues", at the 2004 Grammy Awards.) Harrison formed his own band, thenewno2, in 2002 and has performed at some of the world's most prestigious festivals including Coachella where Spin magazine dubbed their performance as one of the "best debut performance of the festival." The band also played Lollapalooza three times with Harrison joining the festival's founder Perry Farrell on a cover of The Velvet Underground's "Sweet Jane" at 2010's event. In 2017 Harrison announced he would be playing his first-ever solo shows at the Panorama Festival in New York City.

In 2013 Harrison was the face of Gap's fall global campaign, entitled "Back To Blue."[4] In the same year Harrison launched his career as a composer, contributing to the score of the Warner Bros. movie Beautiful Creatures. Harrison has gone on to score the music for the TV show Good Girls Revolt, AMC's The Divide, Seattle Road, Learning to Drive, and, most recently, for the Paul Giamatti-produced show Outsiders.

Harrison released his first solo album, In Parallel, in October 2017.

Harrison's music collaborations span a diverse range of genres that have seen him tour with Eric Clapton, appear on the Wu-Tang Clan track "The Heart Gently Weeps", a reworking of The Beatles song "While My Guitar Gently Weeps", and joining Pearl Jam live on stage several times over the years. One of Harrison's notable collaborations was in 2004 at the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, where he appeared alongside Tom Petty, Jeff Lynne, and Prince on "While My Guitar Gently Weeps", which was performed to mark the posthumous induction of his father.

Harrison's dedication to his father's musical legacy resulted in a week long run of shows on Conan dedicated to George Harrison, which culminated in a sold out George Fest event at The Fonda Theatre in Los Angeles, which was later released as an album and documentary.

Harrison is named after the 6th and 7th notes of the Indian music scale, dha and ni. Dhani is also a raga in north Indian classical music. His first name is usually pronounced in English as "Danny."
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26. Corpsicle

Corpsicle is a term that has been used in science fiction to refer to a corpse that has been cryonically cryopreserved. It is a portmanteau of "corpse" and "popsicle".

Its earliest printed usage in the current form dates from 1969 in science fiction author Fred Pohl's book The Age of the Pussyfoot, in which a corpsicle is referred to as "a zombie frozen in Alaska." The previous spelling, "corpse-sicle", also attributed to Pohl, appeared in the essay Immortality Through Freezing, published in the August 1966 issue of Worlds of Tomorrow.
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25. Project Socrates

Project Socrates was a classified U.S. Defense Intelligence Agency program established in 1983 within the Reagan administration. It was founded and directed by physicist Michael C. Sekora to determine why the United States was unable to maintain economic competitiveness—and to rectify the situation.

According to Project Socrates:

[B]ird’s eye view of competition went far beyond, in terms of scope and completeness, the extremely narrow slices of data that were available to the professors, professional economists, and consultants that addressed the issue of competitiveness. The conclusions that the Socrates team derived about competitiveness in general and about the U.S. in particular were in almost all cases in direct opposition to what the professors, economists and consultants had been saying for years, and to what had been accepted as irrefutable underlying truths by decision-makers throughout the U.S.

When Reagan's presidential term ended and the Bush administration came to the White House, Project Socrates was labeled as "industrial policy", and began to fall from favor. As a result, in April 1990, the program was defunded.
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24: Tees Transporter Bridge

The Tees Transporter Bridge, often referred to as the Middlesbrough Transporter Bridge is the furthest downstream bridge across the River Tees, England. It connects Middlesbrough, on the south bank, to Port Clarence, on the north bank. It is a transporter bridge, carrying a travelling 'car', or 'gondola', suspended from the bridge, across the river in 90 seconds. The gondola can carry 200 people, 9 cars, or 6 cars and one minibus. It carries the A178 Middlesbrough to Hartlepool road. Locally the bridge is often referred to simply as 'the Transporter'.
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23. Villmark

A 2003 Norwegian thriller/horror film. It was nominated for an Amanda award in the categories of best film and best actor (Kristoffer Joner). The tagline of the film, "De skulle holdt seg unna det vannet", translates to "They should've stayed away from that lake".

The film was seen by over 150,000 Norwegians when it first premiered, and could be said to have re-introduced the thriller genre back into Norwegian film.
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22. ULTRA AP

A concept combat vehicle that was unveiled in September 2005 by the Georgia Tech Research Institute, the applied research arm of the Georgia Institute of Technology, under contract from the Office of Naval Research. This was followed in 2009 with the ULTRA II, which was more focused on further developing the crew compartment.

The Ultra AP was reviewed in Rolling Stone magazine, Fortune Magazine, USA Today, and Car and Driver magazine among many other publications. Currently, the U.S. military and the Department of Defense are in the process of replacing the HMMWV or Humvee, because they are being fielded in situations they were not designed for, such as taking on small arms fire, rocket propelled grenades, and improvised explosive devices. The Ultra AP is a concept vehicle, and is not part of the Joint Light Tactical Vehicle program to replace the Humvee.
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21. HMS Tilbury

A 60-gun fourth-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, built at Chatham Dockyard to the dimensions of the 1719 Establishment, and launched on 2 June 1733.

The Tilbury was part of Vice-Admiral Edward Vernon's fleet and took part in the expedition to Cartagena de Indias during the War of Jenkins' Ear.

Tilbury was accidentally burnt in 1742
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20. Dudle

A village in the municipality of Konjic, Bosnia and Herzegovina.