Switzerland (German: ''Schweiz'', French: ''Suisse'', Italian: ''Svizzera'', Romansch: ''Svizra'') is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It has borders with France to the west, Italy to the south, Austria and Liechtenstein to the east and Germany to the north. The climate is temperate, but varies with altitude. Switzerland has cold, cloudy, rainy/snowy winters and cool to warm, cloudy, humid summers with occasional showers. Switzerland is known for its mountains (Alps in south, Jura in northwest) but it also has a central plateau of rolling hills, plains, and large lakes. The highest point is Dufourspitze at 4,634 m while Lake Maggiore is only 195 m above sea level.
Lake Lucerne (German: Vierwaldstättersee, lit. "Lake of the Four Forested Cantons") is a lake in central Switzerland and the fourth largest in the country. The lake has a complicated shape, with bends and arms reaching from the city of Lucerne into the mountains. It has a total area of 114 km² (44 sq mi), an elevation of 434 m (1,424 ft), and a maximum depth of 214 m (702 ft). Its volume is 11.8 km³.
The city of Bern or Berne is the Bundesstadt of Switzerland, and, with (as of December 2009) a population of 123,466, the fifth most populous city in Switzerland. The Bern agglomeration, which includes 43 municipalities, has a population of 349,000. The metropolitan area had a population of 660,000 in 2000. http://www. are. admin. ch/themen/agglomeration/00641/03373/index. html?lang=fr Bern is also the capital of the Canton of Bern, the second most populous of Switzerland's cantons.
The Old City of Bern is the medieval city center of Bern, Switzerland. Built on a narrow hill surrounded on three sides by the Aare River, its compact layout has remained essentially unchanged since its construction during the 12th to the 15th century. Despite a major fire in 1405, after which much of the city was rebuilt in sandstone, and substantial construction efforts in the 18th century, Bern's old city has retained its medieval character.
Zermatt is a municipality in the district of Visp in the German-speaking section of the canton of Valais in Switzerland. It has a population of about 5,800 inhabitants. The village is situated at the end of Mattertal at an altitude of 1,620 m (5,310 ft), at the feet of Switzerland's highest peaks. It lies about 10 km (6.2 mi) from the over 10,800 ft (3,291.84 m) high Theodul Pass bordering Italy.
Zurich is the largest city in Switzerland and the capital of the canton of Zurich. It is located in central Switzerland at the northwestern tip of Lake Zurich. The municipality has approximately 390,000 inhabitants, and the Zurich metropolitan area nearly 2 million. Zurich is a mixed hub for railways, roads, and air traffic. Both Zurich Airport and railway station are the largest and busiest in the country.
Lauterbrunnen is a municipality in the Interlaken-Oberhasli administrative district in the canton of Bern in Switzerland. The municipality lies in the Lauterbrunnen Valley and comprises the villages Lauterbrunnen, Wengen, Mürren, Gimmelwald, Stechelberg, and Isenfluh. The population of the Lauterbrunnen village is less than that of Wengen, but greater than that of the others.
Festivals and Events
Explore the breathtaking beauty of the Swiss National Park, home to alpine landscapes and diverse wildlife.
The Aletsch Glacier or Great Aletsch Glacier is the largest glacier in the Alps. It has a length of about 23 km (14 mi) and covers more than 120 square kilometres (46 sq mi) in the eastern Bernese Alps in the Swiss canton of Valais.
Chapel Bridge (Kapellbrucke)
Constructed in 1333, gutted by fire in 1993 and immediately restored to keep enjoying the status of the oldest wooden bridge in Europe, the Kapellbrücke's charm and historic air are so irresistible that you will quickly lose count of how many times you've already crossed it."
Freddie Mercury statue in Montreux
After passing away from complications from AIDS in 1991, Freddie Mercury was cremated and his ashes scattered in Lake Geneva. A statue of the frontman was unveiled on November 25, 1996, and overlooks the lake. Since 2003, Queen fans have journeyed to Switzerland on the first weekend of September to pay tribute as part of the 'Freddie Mercury Montreux Memorial Day.'”
Deep in the Swiss Alps the Lauterbrunnen Valley, or Lauterbrunnental, is a deep cleft cut in the topography running between steep limestone precipices. The waterfalls that dot the rift often disappear into wisps of spray before hitting bottom, and include Staubbach Falls, one of Europe’s highest unbroken waterfalls at 270 meters."
The Old City of Berne
Crowning a hill top and river-hugged with the Aare, the medieval Berne retains a lot of the old time charm present in sandstone squares, clock towers and arcaded buildings lining the walkways. The riverside elegance of Switzerland's capital manifests itself in the winding cobbled streets, murmuring fountains, fairytale clocks and ornate covered arches, all showing a remarkable design coherence characteristic for the 11th and 12th century urban concepts."